To gain insight into the development of musical instruments, I’ve been studying their history. The image below is based on a passage by the ancient Greek poet Hermesianax (active ca. 330 BC).
On the island of Lesbos (Mytilene), in the late 7th century BC, Sappho and her companions listen rapturously as the poet Alcaeus plays a “kithara”.
A painting (1881) by the Dutch-born, Belgian-trained artist Alma-Tadema.